Where Champlain's second church used to be





According to the tour guide at Champlain's current church, steady river erosion has meant that the graveyard where Hilaire and Antoinette were buried, along with the adjoining land Champlain's second church was located on, is now underneath the Saint Lawrence river. This makes sense, as steady river erosion was apparently the entire reason Champlain's second church was abandoned.

Additionally, according to the pastor of Champlain's current church, the grave markers in Hilaire's time were made of untreated wood which didn't survive long enough to be moved when Champlain transitioned from its second church to its third, and furthermore the remains from Hilaire's time were decomposed to the point where they likewise wouldn't have been moved.

In other words, this photograph is probably as close as any living Brunelle will ever get to something akin to a grave marker for the first two Brunelles.

Personally, I like the fact that it contains both an anchor and the Quebec flag.

The road leading to where Champlain's second church used to be





This Champlain road ("Ave Lefrancois") leads to where Champlain's second church used to be, according to the current church's web site. Since we know Hilaire and Antoinette's home in Champlain was located near that second church, in this photograph you're also seeing roughly where they used to live.

L'ex-voto de Sainte Geneviève





This is one of the paintings in Champlain's current church. It may or may not have been finished while both Hilaire and Antoinette were still alive, but what's interesting about it is that on the left-hand side you can see Champlain's second church, which is the one they would have attended together from 1699 onward.

Interior of Champlain's current church





After moving to Champlain, Hilaire and Antoinette stayed there the rest of their lives.

What you see in this photograph is the interior of Champlain's current Catholic church, Notre-Dame de la Visitation. To summarize, Champlain's first Catholic church was built between 1671 and 1676, its second church (located on essentially the same place as its first church) was built between 1697 and 1699, its third church (moved further inland due to the river erosion which threatened the second church) was built between 1806 and 1808, and its fourth and current church (located on essentially the same place as its third church) was built between 1878 and 1879.

In other words, Hilaire and Antoinette would have attended mass at that first church after they first arrived in Champlain, and that is where all of their subsequent children would have been baptized. However, in their remaining years they would have attended mass at Champlain's second church, and the graveyard adjoining that second church is where both of them would be buried.

Champlain's current church still contains religious objects (e.g. a painting, a sanctuary lamp, and the head from a statute) which were present even in its first church, and which Hilaire and Antoinette would therefore have seen; please visit the current church's web site if you'd like to see those objects, since light reflected from the protective glass they were behind caused my own photographs of them to turn out poorly.

La Rochelle





This is the port which the ships carrying Antoinette and Hilaire from France to Quebec each departed from, as it appears today.

Quebec City's Notre-Dame Cathedral





Quebec City's primary Catholic church (now known as the Notre-Dame Cathedral) has been located on this same site since 1647. It's where Hilaire and Antoinette's marriage was recorded, and where their wedding was celebrated. It's also where François de Laval is buried.